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Salat-ut-Tasbih

Salat-ut-Tasbih

Source : Ahlus-sunna.com / 2 Sep 2013

Salat ut-Tasbih is authentically proven from many Hadiths which are Sahih/Hasan themselves or due to multiple chains which strengthen them overall. It has been practice of real Salaf as-Saliheen plus great classical scholars held it in high esteem.

Proof # 1

Imam Tirmidhi (rah) has made a whole chapter title as “بابُماجَاءَفيصَلاةَالتسْبيحِ” which means: “Chapter in regards to what has been narrated about Salat ut Tasbih” and he brought under it many hadiths plus he also proved that many Salaf considered it as a virtuous act. I shall present some ahadith from his chapter along with authentication given by Wahabi scholar Zubair Ali Zai (so that Salafis are not left with excuses). Let us first look at explicit statement by Imam Tirmidhi (rah):

وقدرُوِيَعنِالنبيِّغيرُحديثٍفيصلاةِالتسبيحِولايصحمنهُكبيرُشيءٍ.

وقدرَوَىابنُالمباركِوغيرُواحدٍمنأهلِالعلمِصلاةَالتسبيحِوذكرُواالفضلَفيه.

Translation: Many hadiths are reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) on salat ut-Tasbih, but most of them are not sahih (meaning some are indeed Sahih) Ibn Mubarak (R.A) and many people of knowledge have narrated about salat ut tasbih and its virtues.-End Quote – [Jami Tirmidhi, Volume No.2, Page No. 509, Published by Dar ul Kutb al iLmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon]

Proof # 2

حدثناأبوكُرَيْبٍ(محمدُبنالعَلاَءِ) حدثنازيدُبنُحُبَابٍالعُكْلِيُّحدثناموسىبنُعُبَيْدَةَقال: حدثنيسعيدُبنأبيسَعِيدٍمولَىأبيبكرِبنِمحمدِبنعمرِوبنحَزْمٍعنأبيرافعٍ،قال: قالرسولُاللهللعباسِ:

«ياعمِّألاأصِلُكَألاأحْبُوكَألاَأنفَعُكَقال: بَلَىيَارَسُولَاللهقال: ياعَمِّصَلِّأربعَركعَاتٍتقرأُفيكلِّركعةٍبفاتحةِالكتابِوسورةٍ،فإذاانْقَضَتْالقراءةُفقل: اللهأكبرُوالحمدُللهوسبحانَاللهخَمْسَعَشْرَةَمَرَّةًقبلَأنتركعَ،ثماركْعفَقُلْهاعشراً،ثمارفعْرَأْسَكَفَقُلْهَاعشراً،ثماسجدْفَقُلْهاعشراًثمارْفَعْرأْسَكَفَقُلْهاعشراًثماسْجُدْفقلْهاعشراًثمارفعْرأسَكَفقلْهاعشراًقبلأنتَقُومَ،فذلكخمسٌوسبعونَفيكلِّركعةٍوهيثلاثُمائةٍفيأربعِركعاتٍولوكانتذُنوبُكَمِثْلَرَمْلِعَالَجٍغَفَرَهااللهلك. قالَيَارَسُولَاللهومَنْيستطيعُأنيقُولَهافييومٍ؟ 

قالإنْلمتَسْتَطِعْأنتقولَهافييومٍفَقُلْهافيجمعةٍ،فإنْلمتَسْتَطِعْأنتقولَهافيجمعةٍفَقُلْهافيشَهْرٍ،فَلَمْيَزَلْيقولُلهحتَّىقالفَقُلهافيسَنَةٍ». قالأبوعيسى: هذاحديثٌغريبٌمنحديثأبيرافعٍ.

Translation: Abu Rafi (R.A) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to Abbas (R.A), “O Uncle! Shall I not join ties with you? Shall I not give you? Shall I not benefit you?” He said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allah!” So, he said, “O Uncle! Pray four raka’at. recite in each raka’ah the Surah Fatiha and a Surah and when you have finished the recital, say (Allahu Akbar Wal Hamdulillah Wa Subhan Allah) fifteen times before making the ruku. Then go into the ruku and repeat them ten times. Then raise your head and say the words ten times. Then go into prostrations and repeat them ten times, and raise your head and say the words ten times. Then prostrate and say the words ten times, and (again) raise your head and repeat them ten times before you stand up. So, this is (in all) seventy five in each raka’ah and it three hundred in all four rak’at. Even if your sins are like the sand particles of Aalij, Allah will forgive them for you”. He ( Abbas (R.A) said, “O Messenger of Allah! Who can stand up for it every day?” He said, “If you cannot establish it every day, then observe it on Friday. And if you cannot do that every Friday then observe it every month”. And he did not cease to say that until he said, “Offer it once in a year”.

Imam Tirmidhi (R.A) said: This hadith as narrated by Abu Rafi is Gharib.[Jami Tirmidhi (2/514)] Click Here for Scanned Page (167)

The Salafi (Wahabi) scholar Zubair Ali Zai declared this hadith as “HASAN (FAIR)” [Sunnan Tirmidhi Published by Salafi(Wahabi) publishing house Dar us Salam Volume No.1, Page No. 486]

 

Proof # 3

حدثناعَبْدُالرَّحْمَنِبنُبِشْرِبنِالْحَكَمِالنَيْسَابُورِيُّأخبَرَنَامُوسَىبنُعَبْدِالعَزِيزِأخبَرَنَاالْحَكَمُبنُأَبَانَعنعِكْرِمَةَعنْابنعَبَّاسٍأَنْرَسُولَاللهصلىاللهعليهوسلّمقاللِلعَبَّاسِبنِعَبْدِالمُطَّلِبِ

Imam Abu Dawud also narrated the above hadith from Sayyidna Abbas (RA) with a different chain of narrators. [Sunnan Abu Dawud, Hadith # 1297]

Again the Salafi(Wahabi) scholar Zubair Ali Zai who is considered as a champion over hadith sciences has declared this hadith as “HASAN” [Sunnan Abu Dawud, Published by Dar us Salam, Volume No.2, Page No. 96] Also remember that Silence of Imam Abu Dawud (rah) is itself proof of his authentication.

Proof # 4

Imam al-Hakim (rah) has also made a whole chapter on “Salat ut-Tasbih” and after bringing under it many ahadith from different Sahaba he says:

وقدصحّتالروايةعنعبداللهبنعمربنالخطابرضياللهعنهماأنرسولاللهعلمابنعمّهجعفربنأبيطالبرضياللهعنههذهالصلاةكماعلّمهاعمّهالعباسرضياللهعنه.

Translation: This report is also authentically reported from Abdullah bin Umar bin Khattab (RA) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) taught his Uncle Jafar bin Abi Talib (ra) just like he taught his uncle Abbas (RA)

He then says:

هذاإسنادصحيحلاغبارعليه،وممايستدلبهعلىصحةهذاالحديثاستعمالالأئمةمنأتباعالتابعينإلىعصرناهذاإياه،ومواظبتهمعليه،وتعليمهالناسمنهمعبداللهبنالمباركرحمةاللهعليه.

Translation: This chain is “SAHIH AND THERE IS NO GHUBAAR (DOUBT) ON IT” Another proof of it being sahih is that Scholars of hadith have “ USED IT” and also taught people for doing the same, this has been happening since the time of those following “Tabiyeen” This includes people like Abdullah bin Mubarak – Rahimuhullah Alaih. [Mustadrak al Hakim ala Sahihayn (1/464)] 

 Imam al-Hakim (rah) then says about Imam Ibn Mubarak (ra)

رواةهذاالحديثعنابنالمبارككلهمثقاتأثباتولايتهمعبداللهأنيعلّمهمالميصحعندهسنده.

Translation: Those narrating this hadith from Ibn Mubarak are “ALL THIQA THABIT (UTTERLY RELIABLE)” and Ibn Mubarak cannot be accused that he preached something which was not sahih according to himself. [Mustadrak al Hakim ala Sahihayn (1/464)]

Proof # 5

Imam Ibn Majah has also made a whole chapter on Salat ut Tasbih and brought ahadith under it, refer to “Sunnan Ibn Majah (1/442, Hadith # 1430)]

Proof # 6

Imam al-Bayhaqi (rah) also narrated ahadith on Salat ut Tasbih and then says

وكانعبداللهبنالمباركيفعلهاوتداولهاالصالحونبعضهممنبعضوفيهتقويةللحديثالمرفوعوباللهالتوفيق

Translation: Salat-ut-Tasbeeh was the practice of Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak and many pious predecessors of various eras. And this in fact lends strength to the Marfu hadith and Allah is best in giving Tawfiq.' [al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab ul Iman (1/427)]

Proof # 7

Imam al Mundhiri (rah) said:

قالالحافظ: وقدرُويهذاالحديثمنطرقكثيرة،وعنجماعةمنالصحابةوأمثلهاحديثعكرمةهذا،وقدصححهجماعةمنهم: الحافظأبوبكرالآجريّ،وشيخناأبومحمدعبدالرحيمالمصري،وشيخناالحافظأبوالحسنالمقدسيرحمهماللهتعالى

Translation: The Hafidh (i.e. Imam al-Mundhiri) said: This hadith is narrated through “MANY WAYS” and many Sahaba have narrated similar to the hadith of Akrama. It is also declared as “SAHIH BY JAMAAT” which includes scholars like: 1)Hafidh Abu Bakr al-Ajri, 2)My Sheikh Abu Muhammad Abdur Raheem al-Misri, 3) My Sheikh Abul Hasan al-Maqdisi – Rahimuhullah Ta’la [Targheeb wa Tarheeb (1/267)]

Proof # 8

Imam Jalal ud-din Suyuti (RA): He has mentioned upto 20 great Muhaditheen who declared the ahadith on Salat ut-Tasbih as Authentic, such scholars include Hafidh Abu-Sa'eed al-Sam'ani, Hafidh Khateeb al-Baghdadi, Hafidh ibn Mandah, Imaam al-Subki, Imam ibn Salah, Imam Abu-Musa al-Madini, Hafidh al-Zarkashi and others. [Al Lalil Masnu’ah(2/42-44)]

Summary of the article is that Salat ut-Tasbeeh is a permissible rather highly recommended act of worship, which is taught by Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), practiced by Sahaba/Tabiyeen and strengthened by practise of great scholars.

 

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