Wednesday 10 August 2022 \

 

Under what circumstances a patient is allowed to break fast?

Under what circumstances a patient is allowed to break fast?
 
قال ابن حجر الهيتمي في كتابه "تحفة المحتاج":
Ibn Hajar al-Haythami in his book " Tuhfat al-Muhtaj " writes:
(ويباح تركه) أي رمضان ومثله ... كل صوم واجب (للمريض) أي: يجب عليه (إذا وجد به ضررا شديدا) بحيث يبيح التيمم ... اه.
(3 429)
"It is permissible for a sick not to fast in the month of Ramadan or any other obligatory fast, if it can cause harm to the person so much that will make him resort to tayammum (in the presence of water)."
[See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 3, p. 429]
 
(الثالث) من الأسباب ... (مرض يخاف معه من استعماله) أي الماء ... مرضا أو زيادته وله وقع لا نحو صداع أو تألم خفيف ... (وكذا بطء البراء) ... أي طول مدته وإن لم يزد الألم اه.
(1 \ 343)
"The third reason permitted for tayammum, is a condition in which there is a danger that the use of water can cause serious illness or aggravate it, but it is not mild headache or slight discomfort. It is also a danger of delaying recovery even in the absence of complications during the course of the illness. "
[See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 1, p. 343]
 
ويشترط في حل الفطر بالعذر قصد الترخص اه.
"It is necessary to have an intention for the Shariah permission (rukhsa) for permission not to observe fasting because of illness."
 
وإذا أفطر المسافر والمريض قضيا اه.
(3 \ 431-432)
"If a traveler and a sick person do not observe fasting, then they are obliged to reimburse it after the cause has been eliminated."
[See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 3, p. 431-432]
 
Conclusion:
• According to Imam Ibn Hajar, a sick person is not only allowed to break the fast, but also the non-observance of fasting is imputed, if there is a risk of a health hazard, aggravating the current disease or delaying the healing process. It is necessary to distinguish a serious disease from mild ailment. 
#fasting #Ramadan #sickness #permissiontobreak #sickpersonfast

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