Wednesday 10 August 2022 \

 

On the obligation of compliance by the traffic rules

Should a Muslim, from the point of view of Islam, observe the rules of road traffic?
 
قال ابن حجر الهيتمي في كتابه تحفة المحتاج:
 
Ibn Hajar al-Haytami in his book "Tuhfat al-Muhtaj" writes:
 
(ويحترز) المار بطريق (عما لا يعتاد) فيها
 
"Passers on the road (pedestrian or driver) must be careful not to violate the established traffic rules."
 
(كركض شديد في وحل) أو في مجمع الناس
 
"For example, you can not speed up on an untarred road or in places where people are crowded."
 
(فإن خالف ضمن ما تولد منه)
(9 \ 205)
"And if he violates the established rules of the road, then he must compensate for the consequences"
 
[See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 9, p. 205].
 
Ibn Hajar al-Haytami writes in the same book:
 
وقد نهينا عن إضاعة المال
 
"We are ordered to guard against damage to property."
 
قال عبد الحميد الشرواني في حاشيته:
 
Abdulhamid ash-Shirwani said in his comments:
 
أي فهي حرام
(4, 244)
 
"Consequently, incurring damage to property is prohibited."
 
[See: Hashiya Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 4, p. 244].
 
قال ابن حجر الهيتمي في كتابه "تحفة المحتاج":
 
Ibn Hajar al-Haytami also said in the same work:
 
للوسائل حكم المقاصد
(7 \ 210)
"In the Shari'ah, the means are regarded as the goals to which these means lead. That is, if something to which these means lead us is forbidden, then the means itself also becomes forbidden."
 
[See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, vol. 7, p. 210].
 
Conclusion:
 
• The rules of the road are established so that people can travel on the roads without endangering their lives to avoid harming their health, property of another person, or their own. Therefore, compliance with traffic rules are related to the accompanying objectives of achieving order in public places.
• According to the Sharia law, all pedestrians and drivers are required to comply with the established rules of the road, without exposing themselves to danger or unnecessary fines.

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